There are different types of bone cancers. This article will only talk about primary bone cancer, which means that the cancer came from mutated bone cells. Bone cancer cases are commonly secondary cancers, a metastatic manifestation of a cancer that came from other places like the breast (breast cancer), prostate (prostate cancer) and many other cancer “hot spots”. Knowing where the cancer came from is very important in the treatment process. Primary bone marrow cancer types are treated differently from secondary bone cancers. A breast cancer is treated as such even if it metastasized to the bones.
The symptoms of different types of bone marrow cancer
- Bone pain that is nagging and with increasing severity
- Swelling and redness in the area of the pain
- Loss of appetite, nausea, and confusion as a result of higher levels of calcium in the blood
What Are The Different Types of Bone Cancer?
1- Osteosarcoma – this is one the most common types of bone cancer in children. This is diagnosed mostly in kids, teens, and young adults. This kind of primary bone cancer can start anywhere in the skeletal system but the most common areas are the femur, upper arm, and the shin bone. Pain in these areas should merit closer attention especially for people who have a family history of bone cancer. Osteosarcoma is common to younger people but this cancer does not exclude older individuals. There are a considerable number of osteosarcoma cases from the adult age group.
2- Ewing’s Sarcoma – This type of bone cancer is mostly diagnosed in teens. This cancer often starts to grow in the hips, thigh, and in the shin bone. However with Ewing’s sarcoma, soft tissues can also be affected. The treatment for soft tissue sarcomas is applicable to Ewing’s sarcoma found in the bone.
- Upper arm
- Shoulder blade
4- Undifferentiated sarcoma – the mutated cancer cells for this kind of cancer is not specialized. This simply means that the bone cells that are rapidly reproducing and forming malignant tumors cannot be classified clearly.
5- Malignant fibrous histiocytoma – this is one of the rarest forms of spindle cell sarcoma. This is often seen in middle-aged adults. These are often localized in the legs and arms.
6- Fibrosarcoma – This is also a very rare spindle cell sarcoma and is commonly found in the femur of middle aged individuals.